Category: instruction

Best way to fence and house pigs

If you’re considering raising pigs for meat on your little ranch or property, you presumably need to understand how to house and fence them the right way.

Fencing for Small Enclosures

Pigs are significantly more specialized than goats at evading fencing. Most specialists suggest electric fencing, but also hog panels can be utilized. A few farmers keep hogs in a little enclosure with hog boards, guaranteeing that their space will be formed into mud in days to come. Pigs brought up this way require just around 10 square feet of room each. Their smell will be terrible. Furthermore, you will have pay for everything that they eat so as you can see, this is an expensive method of raising pigs.

Be that as it may, you might need to think about utilizing electric fencing to enclose your pigs in a bigger field. If you give them the adequate space that they need, they will spread their own droppings, adding fertilizer to the land (or you can haul the manure out and compost it with wood chips, straw and hay). The best method to pasturing pigs, as with any other animal, is rotational grazing. This simply means rotating them to new pasture as the present field gets muddy and churned. You can rotate them week by week, depending on the size of the pasture. Chickens, cattle, goats as well as sheep can all be raised this way.

Pigs eat grass as well as brush, so they can be used to clear territories that are increasingly rough.

The Best Housing for Pigs

For housing, pigs require a three-sided shield that will protect them from rain, wind and the sun. You can assemble this out of scrap wood, pallets or whatever else you have around. They should have win protection, have shade and be dry. That is about it. Ensure that your sanctuary has abundant ventilation.

Give them high-carbon bedding, for example, straw or hay to absorb their poop and urine and hold the smell.

Water is additionally a key piece of pig housing. Pigs do not only drink a lot of water but they need lots of it to wallow in and cool off occasionally. All these can end up getting the water dirty so ensure you provide them with fresh and clean water at all times.

Back to fencing. Pigs are brilliant. They will rapidly figure out how to regard an electric fence, regardless of whether that is woven wire fencing with a hot wire around nose level or a few strands of electric wire. Pigs cannot hop or jump, so it doesn’t need to be high—something like three feet high ought to do it. In any case, you will likewise need to ensure that you leave a non-electrified “entryway” for the pigs to leave and enter the pen, as they won’t cross a territory where the electric fence has been previously.

You can use electric net fencing as well as poly wire. Remember these tips:

  • For posts, T-posts or cedar posts function admirably.
  • Ensure you have a solid energizer, at least 2 joules, and 6 joules in the event that you can bear the cost of it.
  • Hog panels can likewise be useful for temporary pens.

7 Pool Maintenance Tips for the Winter

 

When the temperature starts to drop and snow begins falling, it is important to be mindful of how you take care of your swimming pool. The water can end up freezing, which can damage above ground pools. Even if you have an inground pool, proper care and maintenance will be critical. Keep on reading the rest of this post and learn from some of the tips we will be sharing.

 

Cover the Pool

 

One of the most important things to do is to use a high-quality pool cover. Because you will most likely be unable to use the pool during the winter, covering the top part is necessary to keep the debris and snow out. This will make the water stay clean!

 

Use a Pump

 

Having a cover will help, but it will not be enough. You will benefit from buying a top-rated pool cover pump. This will help in maintaining the strength and cleanliness of the cover. It pumps out the snow and debris that might have already accumulated on the top of the cover. Whether it is a manual or automatic pump, it will make your life a lot easier!

 

Clean the Pool

 

As a preparation for the winter, if you expect that the swimming pool will not be used in the next few weeks, you have to clean it first before having it covered. If there are dirt and debris on the pool before it is covered, this will obviously damage the quality of the water and will make cleaning more difficult once the cold season is over. You can use an above ground pool cleaner to make your life a lot easier.

 

Keep the Toys

 

Toys and floats are common items that are found in many swimming pools, especially if you have kids at home. As you prepare for the winter, you should deflate the toys and keep them in a safe place. Before doing so, it will also be a good idea to clean them first with water and bleach. Keep them in boxes to be protected from dust.

 

Treat the Pool

 

The chemistry of the pool is one of the most important in having it well-maintained, especially during the winter. Before you pack the pool for winter, check for the pH level. Ideally, it should be anywhere from 7.2 to 7.6, which is not too alkaline or acidic.

 

Run the Filter

 

Aside from treating the water, pool filtration is also an important concern when it comes to its winterization. Before packing up, run the filter until you can see that the water is already clear. Check the filter cartridges and have them replaced when necessary.

 

Regularly Inspect the Pool

 

Even if you have already followed the things that have been mentioned above, this does not mean that you can leave the pool on its own. As a responsible pool owner, you still have to check it every now and then to prevent any problem from escalating.

 

References:

Pool Maintenance Tips For Winter

https://royallifesavingwa.com.au/your-safety/at-home/winter-pool-maintenance

 

8 Reasons to Choose Lithium-Ion Batteries over Other Batteries

Lithium-battery-benefit

When cutting down on battery costs is your number one priority, switching to lithium-ion batteries is the best solution for you. These batteries have been around for a very long time and you can get them in various sizes. From smaller ones to those that are the large-scale industrial type, all of these different types of lithium-ion batteries are now commonly available. Amongst the many benefits that they have to offer, the one that truly matters is the high capacity that they tend to offer due to the material that has been used for their manufacturing purposes. Apart from that, there is also the fact that they have a minimal discharge rate, which makes them the perfect choice when it comes to the efficient storage of energy.

The lithium benefit

Lithium technology works best when it comes to powering smaller electronics, although it can be used for larger appliances as well. This includes cordless tools and laptops and with the passage of time, the utilization of lithium-ion batteries has definitely increased in these applications. As their usage grew, the older rechargeable batteries made using nickel-cadmium became much more obsolete.

However, until a few years ago, lithium-ion batteries had a bit of a bad rep associated with them. This is because a few defective laptop batteries literally burst into flames. The reason behind this was the utilization of lithium cobalt oxide in the formulation of the battery. On the whole, this particular chemistry of the battery is known to be somewhat prone to thermal runaway in case the battery gets overcharged. It is because of this that the batteries catch fire and is the sole reason lithium was not used for the formation of large battery banks up until recently. However, with the development of a new formula focused on mixing lithium-ion batteries in 1996, things took a turn for the better. Known as lithium iron phosphate, the new batteries are far safer than the lithium cobalt oxide ones as these are non-combustible.

Longer cycle life

According to laboratory results, there is a good chance that one can achieve about 5000 cycles out of a lithium ion battery that is well cared for. Research studies actually suggest that a lithium-ion battery has the potential to deliver over 80% of its capacity even after 2000 cycles at a full 100%. If anything, these statistics are said to be much higher than those of the NCA or NMC chemistries that are used rather commonly in the electric vehicle industry. On the other hand, the average lead-acid batteries are known to work for about 500-1000 cycles at their best.

Charging is both fast and efficient

The best part about lithium-ion batteries is that they get charged to 100% of their capacity very quickly. With lead-acid batteries, it is necessary for an absorption phase to be fulfilled so that the final 20% gets stored. This, however, is not the case with lithium-ion batteries. As long as you have a powerful charger, there is a good chance that your batteries will get charged really fast. To put it in numbers, as long as you provide adequate charging amps, a lithium-ion battery can easily be charged in just about half an hour. Most importantly, even if the battery doesn’t get charged to a full 100%, there isn’t a thing for you to worry about. This is because, unlike lead-acid batteries, the inability to fully charge lithium-ion batteries on a regular basis is not going to cause any damage to them. What this means is that their utilization will make it possible for you to tap into different energy sources and charge the batteries any opportunity you get without having to worry about having to do a full battery recharge.

Energy loss is minimal

Lithium-ion batteries are far better in terms of preserving energy than lead-acid ones. Compared to the 85% efficiency of most lead-acid batteries, lithium-ion batteries charge at an astounding 100% efficiency. This characteristic of the batteries is particularly helpful in cases where they need to be charged via a solar source, which are times when you want to make the most out of every single amp before the sun goes down.

They are climate resistant

In cold environments, it is fairly common for lead-acid and lithium-ion batteries to lose out on their capacities. On the other hand, lithium-ion batteries work more efficiently in terms of maintaining their capacity at even the lowest temperatures. For those residing in harsh environments (both hot and cold), the best choice is, hence, lithium-ion batteries for the resistance that they offer in this regard.

There’s no such thing as voltage sag or Peukert’s losses

Lithium-ion batteries are known to have a flat discharge curve. What this means is that even if the battery is charged to only 20%, it is going to provide the same output voltage as it would if it were 80% charged. This tends to go a long way in terms of preventing issues that are triggered due to a voltage sag, which is associated with lead-acid batteries when they start discharging. Apart from that, Peukert’s losses are just about non-existent in these batteries. Even at high currents, these batteries can deliver their full-rated capacity. In terms of functionality, this makes them the best choice when looking to power high current loads like microwaves and induction cooktops. On the other hand, lead-acid batteries are known to have a 40% loss of capacity when used at high loads.

All in all, the utilization of lithium-ion batteries is highly recommended for the countless benefits that they tend to offer. If cost-savings and extended usage are what you are interested in, it is best for you to consider using lithium-ion batteries.

Types of Magnifying Light and How to Use Them

Magnifying Light

An illuminated magnifier is an important tool for anybody immersed in precision assembly or design, but it is also an incredible help for folks who have problem with their vision. Lighted magnifiers lessen eye strain and exhaustion, while letting the user to observe the tiny details of the item being seen. Several other objects from jewelry to specific craft objects have components which are tough to observe with the naked eye, so a magnifying glass is normally vital when functioning with them.

Types of Magnifying Light

There are numerous styles of these present on the bazaar, but the 3 major styles are;

The Desk Mounted Magnifying Light

A small, stretchy neck on a weighted base

The Arm Mounted Magnifying Light

An interconnected arm, with the magnifier and lamp attached to the end. The arm fastens to the desk or workbench edge with a lock.

The Floor Mounted Magnifying Light

The stretchy neck is fixed to a set on a weighted base. This lets it to be shifted around and utilized where required.

In certain cases, the arm attached models are the greatest, offering a bigger magnifier and lengthier reach. Desk mounted magnifiers should be positioned right at the work piece; shifting them demands that there be a well-defined area on the workbench where the magnifier wants to go.

How to Use Magnifying Light

  1. This swift reference guide will increase your knowledge and instruct you to get the magnifier, which best meets your demands.
  2. Decent, unblemished lighting is an important element to contemplate upon when picking a magnifier.
  3. Numerous workplace areas have secondary and shadow-filled lighting situations at best, causing marginal viewing performance.
  4. Lighted magnifiers recompense for this with an excellent fluorescent, halogen or LED lighting substance fixed around the viewing glass frame.
  5. Fluorescent lighting fetches out lucidity of view by lighting a broad, cool and shadow-less light.
  6. Halogen lamps will produce a warmer glow and warm up more speedily.
  7. LED lamps extinguish less lighting; still tend to have good longevity than either fluorescent or halogen bulbs.
  8. The name diopter talks about the sum of curvature a lens will contain.
  9. More curvature implies a thicker lens, more, enlargement and a greater diopter number.
  10. To discover the magnification degree of a lens, just divide its diopter by 4, and add 1.
  11. Focal length is demarcated as the vastness from the lens to the point where an item is in focus and it gets vital if you want gap above the item in which to work.
  12. If you want tons of area to work, you won’t have as much magnification present.
  13. If you don’t want much working area, you can get sturdier magnification, and actually, magnifiers with greater power are usually saved for close-in inspection and measurement.
  14. As a common rule of thumb, when your magnification becomes bigger, your lens and focal length become slighter.
  15. The arena of view is the size of the magnified place that is in attention under the lens; the greater your magnification, the littler your arena-of-view will be.
  16. When mending electronics or other close-in work, hands-free operation is totally important.
  17. Electrostatic Discharge, ESD, discharge, while inoffensive to humans, could be destructive to fragile electrical circuit boards and delicate components.
  18. Utilize both eyes when expending a magnifying lamp, only like you will utilize a comfy pair of prescription glasses.
  19. Make certain the lens is placed to keep your item in focus, while your peepers are 8” to 10” far from the glass. This will provide you the finest magnification with the smallest sum of disturbance.
  20. For good outcomes, keep your chair height and working surface placed to upkeep noble posture. You mustn’t be keeping away from the lens when observing the object.

Installation of a Backpacking Stove

For outdoor cooking, a butane stove comes in a very handy. In comparison to a solid fuel, we can do much better cooking with the advantage of handling the heat with a butane stove. Such models of stove are nimble and transferable, rendering them the perfect backpacking companions for taking along on a trip.  Organizing a backpacking stove is fairly easy, see below for tips.

You’ll need the following items

  • There are two parts of a Campingaz Blueut butane stove. The canister will come individually and following are the items you need for cooking:
  • A burner “The upper part contains a needle in the bottom for penetrating the canister.”
  • A canister
  • A stove container or stand

Method

  1. The canister should be positioned correctly in the stand.
  2. Wind up the legs as the bottom can still be opened easily, though it will not be capable of doing so after you attach the burner.
  3. Before attaching the burner, keep check that the gas valve is shut completely and a bit loosely as attempting such an act can make the threads wear out fast. You will get the hint that the burner has been attached to the canister as doing so won’t go in further. You won’t hear any noise, once the canister has been pricked.
  4. To make sure the canister has been penetrated, switch on the gas by moving the gas handle in a clockwise way in a well-insulated place. The stove is ready for usage, once you hear the hiss of the gas.
  5. Switch on the gas and light a matchstick when you hear the sound of the gas, it is a hint that you should light the stove now. You won’t be able to see the flame immediately but will feel the circling heat. Once a canister has been attached, don’t discard it after it has been used completely.  When it is finished, you can attach a new one, keeping in mind the above rules.

Advices

  • Always follow the manual as every model has slightly dissimilar fixing up ways.
  • A cold stove will never be able to run, so it is essential to keep check on the glacial temperature of your stove.
  • Always take help from the instructions guide of a particular model or brand you have, as cooking timings can depend on the make and model of your backpacking stove.
  • In the circumstance of wild winds, a windshield can be positioned and can be carried along. So, if the places where you are staying have such wind concerns, then during backpacking, do include a windshield.

Cautions

  • If the stove valve is not closed potently then don’t unscrew the stove as it can erupt in a lethal fire.
  • If within 5 seconds you aren’t able to light the stove, then turn off the gas valve and after waiting for 5 seconds until the gas has scattered away, try lighting the stove again.
  • Shun using canisters or cartridges; these are not applicable for using on such stoves. Use those flame lighting tools which are favorable for your specific stove.
  • Seeing the flame in day time will be difficult so, don’t assume as if the flame is not there.
  • Make sure there is no fire within 30 feet from you, be it even a cigarette and never unscrew the stove burner unless you are not sure of the surrounding. An invisible gas can spread from the canister and can erupt into a fire causing a hazardous situation plus it can also follow the canister, resulting in a fire explosion in your hand.
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